This section gives access to the presentations and conclusions of the research roundtable organised during the conference Cultural Tourism and the Challenge of Integration, 21-22 April 2005.
In the context of a conference organised by the European Institute of Cultural Routes for the Luxembourg Presidency of the Council of Europe (21-22 April 2005), three round tables were organised in order to foster discussion about the relationship about European integration (the theme of the conference) and respectively, new technologies, quality and research and management tools. This section offfers a summary of all presentations on research and management tools as well as a concluding documents, containing leitmotives and recommandations.
This document summarises the round table on Research and Management Tools and uses the points brought to light to suggest amendments to the Luxembourg declaration as expounded in the conference programme.
This paper is intended to assist in delimiting an initial agenda for European cultural tourism research and management, with particular attention to the use of cultural routes. The following are emphasised for inclusion: European essentialisms as a basis to valorisation; consumers’ motivations, consumption and memories; effectiveness issues in supply; the marketing of tourism as emotional, sensual and creative experiences; and brand construction. Attention is drawn to the consumption of the familiar through tourism by tourists seeking a European essentialism that is simultaneously authentic and sincere
This presentation considers some of the research issues arising from trying to develop cultural tourism within regions such as Northern Ireland, characterised by ongoing conflict and violence. The cases of Belfast and Derry are used to illustrate the potential benefits that could be gained socially, economically and culturally for local communities. However, questions will also be posed as to whether the sensitive cultural heritage arising from this conflict, for example in terms of paramilitary murals, street decoration and other sectarian cultural emblems can, or should be, promoted and packaged as part of a cultural tourism strategy. Ongoing research conducted as part of the EC PICTURE project will be highlighted.
This intervention presents the European Cultural Tourism Network (ECTN). It starts with the raison d’être for the network, then speaks of its progress to date, gives more info on ECTN Interreg IIIC project and finally gives more info on the opportunities for participation.
Cette intervention présente la de la chaire « Tourisme , Culture et Développement » crée par l’Université de Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne et l’UNESCO comme un facteur d’intégration au sein de l’union européenne. Cette chaire a pour objectif la mise en place, dans des pays partenaires, d’enseignements spécialisés sur l’analyse de l’activité culturelle et touristique dans le cadre d’un développement durable. La présentation rappelle ce but général, donne un historique de la chaire puis passe au côté pratique en mentionnant les objectifs généraux, les modes d’actions, les membres du réseau, la méthodologie pour finalement donner quelques exemples d’action.
This intervention presents Caminos de Sefarad, The Spanish Jewish Network is a public non profit association which aims to defend the historical, architectonical, cultural and artistic Jewish heritage in Spain. It gives a sense of its history, its strategies, its members and its methodologies.
This paper presents, on the one hand, the wealth of heritage resulting from integration processes that have happened in Tunisia during two millenia, mixtures of civilisations and cultures that have left their imprint in many places in the country, and on the other hand, it will highlight the limits encountered when trying to value this cultural potential (tour operator interest, lack of education and training, etc.)
Cultural tourism is given preference when it comes to use tourism as a means for alleviating poverty in developing countries. Little is, however, known about how to evaluate the real impact of cultural tourism or tourism ‘tout court’ on local economy. The project “Building research capacity for pro poor tourism"?, partly financed by the European Commission , tested in three different Asian countries (Bali, Laos and Vietnam) a variety of methods (RPA (Rapid Participatory Appraisal), semi directive interviews, household surveys and guesthouse surveys, focus groups and workshops) to understand better the relation between tourism and poverty. This paper refers mostly to the data from the fieldwork in Vietnam.
This paper argues that research and management methodologies need to be devised to take account of the specific European contexts within which cultural routes are being developed. It also suggests that there are potential synergies between the research needs and interests of policy makers, practitioners and researchers .
In UNESCO World Heritage Cities the high level of authenticity attracts a high number of tourists. The complex system of historic cities needs special efforts to manage occuring conflict beetween heritage preservation and cultural tourism. Two strategies used in Bamberg are: 1. Supply-Sided control over Tourist Streams: 2. Setting up a new interdisciplinary administrative for UNESCO World Heritage Issues.
The aim of the presentation is to identify the key areas and issues that urban governments of small and medium-sized towns and cities in Europe have to address to promote governance of cultural tourism to more efficiently address long term sustainability of their communities. The recommendations are based on in-depth review of state-of-the–art research and policy approaches and the results of a recently conducted pan-European Survey Study under the EU FP6 PICTURE project.
This presentation argues that there is a symbiotic dynamism between cultural tourism and integration - that is : rewarding experiences of tourism encourage people to learn more (also languages) of their destinations, that clearly facilitates further integration, which again makes further experiences easier. Therefore, it puts forward cultural tourism as the most efficient way to European citizenship including increasingly common values, easier communication and improved functional networks.
The contribution discusses problems of availability of reliable information about the number of visitors, their benefits for as well as negative impacts to historic environment. The situation can be improved by means of appropriate IT application and public participation in building relevant databases, which needs an international cooperation and national coordination.