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The Council for Cultural Co-operation retained this theme in 1990, in the context of a movement of interest for this subject as testified by the great exhibition at Palazzo Grassi in Venice and by the success of Celtic music festivals.

It was also a question of calling upon multidisciplinary research and of confronting the most recent scientific concepts. It was the subject of a 1990 study and of an evaluation by the Advisory Committee in 1992.

Goals and objectives

The Council of Europe established as its objectives: the exhaustive census of the Celtic sites of interest with an aim towards cultural tourism, in connection with the efforts carried out in Great Britain through the "Trail of the Celts" during the European year of tourism; the signposting of the sites by a common European logo; and finally the editing of the inventory and maps of the sites listed and signposted as well as the composition of a calendar of contemporary activities of interest. It was also a question of encouraging the development of Celtic collections in museums and of restoring sometimes badly maintained sites.


Carnac stones, France

The greatest difficulty encountered in the concretisation of this theme on European territories was represented by the impossibility of constituting a network of multidisciplinary experts and of overcoming the feuds among scientific schools. On the other hand, a study was undertaken in Ireland on the question of heritage, tourism and education, by researching an intersection with the topic of monastic influence (Irish monks of the High Middle Ages).

european dimension of the theme

"The Celts are Indo-Europeans whose precise origin is mysterious; one finds them for the first time with precision in current Austria: the civilisation of Hallstatt lasts from 800 to 500 B.C., then, until the Christian era, it is the site of Tène (Switzerland) which is used as reference ... During the first millennium before Christ they migrate in small groups, which dominate without eliminating the conquered populations, and are constituted in a kind of "royal tribe of the heads", contributing to the creation of mixed peoples. Present in the Alpine and Danube areas (the Bohemians of Bohemia, the Gauls of the Cisalpine regions), they went to the north of Gaul ... from where they pass to Britain; towards the south, they become Iberian Celts in Spain and on the west of the Rhone (Ensérune), Celto-Ligurians on the east of the river (Entremont); the most daring settled in Anatolia in 275/274 (Galatians)" (Georges Duby).

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 more infos ...
 other web sites
 European archaeologic centre
  Bibracte, city of Gaul made alive through archaeology.
 media library
 Celts from the East
  A cultural heritage to discover in Central and Oriental Europe.
 Celts from Bohemia
  A conference in Hungary.
 The Cult of Saints
  Gaul and christianity.
  The book by Paul-Marie Duval.
 Celtic art of the Gaul
  The collections of the French Museum for National antiquities.
 Celtic mythology
 Ireland, earth of the Celts.
 Celtic Fairs


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