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This information is archived
 Searching for witnesses
For developing the theme of the Italian press during and after the Fascism period we searched some documents on the internet.

We prepared also some questions for the teacher and for the students of the journalism's workshop.

Laurent Gautier
Stefania Orecchioni
Ambra Natale
Bogdan Giurca

centre for european culture
21 May 2003
Inside the workshop

The journalism workshop is working on documents: books,internet's searches and interviews.

These interviews are made on testimonies of the people who had lived in the period of the war 1939-1945 and in the Liberation.
These people told us their everyday life during the war.

Workshop on journalism

Preparation of the posters
Starting by these testimonies and from these harvested documents, journalists have made some relations to present the different actions which took place during the second world war.

And more, every journaliste has created some posters to tell the story of the events during the German occupation.

History of the free press in Italy

For the people who study the history of the press it's impressive to see how between the newspapers of the fascist period and the newspapers of the first period of the republic, there are not so many differences.In the same way, there is little difference between the newspaper of the 30's and those ones of the 50's/ 60's.
During the Mussolini's epoch the governement had its official newspaper: "Il Popolo d'Italia".In addition to that, he controled the other existant newspapers which were censured and obliged to publish some prefabricated news.Only M.Albertini, the director of "Corriere della Sera", choosed to quit because he didn't agree with the injunctions of the dictature.

Whatever, the economic control of newspapers by some familes, which is today a big problem for the liberty of the press in Italy, was on this time without consequences because the financial elite was on the governement political ride.

After the fall of fascism and thanks to the come back to the freedom of the press, many newspapers were republished, especially for the information of political parties which were completly forbidden during the Mussolini's epoch. Despite this proliferation, of Italian newspapers, it was not a real change of journalisme because many journalistes were decided to keep the same style.
The newspaper "Il Giorno" was the first one to bring changes in 1956, but we must wait for the issue of "La Repubblica" to have real change in Italy.
This newspaper has its origin in "L'Espresso" and tries to ''speak'' to interested public like every weekly newspaper in this time.
But maybe the specifical problem of the Italian press is the number of its readers, the lowest in Europe.

List of the participants of the journalisn workshop

Bisleau Aurélien
Magnan Tony
Nerbusson Nicolas
Ralu Benjamin

Carbonini Serena
Millera Antonella
Petroni Laura
Pizzini Federica
Tinelli Marco

Ionita Adriana
Neagu Florentina
Nicolescu Nicoleta
Alecu Andreea
Boboc Adrian

M. Jean-Louis CREMONT

Images of the workshop
Preparation of a poster.

A journalist working.
Images of the workshop
Poster on freedom.

Poster on freedom.
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 more infos ...
 other web sites
 The web site of Il Giorno
 The web site of la Repubblica
 The web site of the Corriere della Sera
 Memory of Europe
  Article on the 15 Days of session in St Jean d'Angély


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